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Epiglottitis

Epiglottitis is inflammation of the epiglottis, which is the flap that sits at the base of the tongue, which keeps food from going into the trachea. Due to its place in the airway, swelling of this can interfere with breathing and can set up a me ...

                                               

Epinephrine

Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is a hormone and a medication. The names "adrenaline" and "epinephrine" come from the Latin words ad - renes and the Greek words epi - nephros. Both mean "into or onto the kidney". In medical jargon, epineph ...

                                               

Epithelium

Epithelium is one of the four main types of tissue in the body of animals. It is made up of one or more layers of cells. The outermost layer of the skin is a special type of epithelium. It has an important function: it forms a mechanical defence ...

                                               

Ergastic substance

An ergastic substance is a non-protoplasm material that one can find in cells. These are usually products of metabolism. Ergastic substances include crystals, oil drops, gums, tannins, resins and other compounds. Some of these substances help the ...

                                               

Erythropoietin

Erythropoietin, or Erythropoetin is a hormone produced by the kidneys. Epoetin is a synthetic version. Erythropoietin acts on the bone marrow so that it makes more red blood cells. It is used to treat some kinds of anemia. Anemia can happen in ki ...

                                               

Estrildid finch

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They can be classified as the family Estrildidae, or as a sub-group within the family Passeridae, which also includes the true sparrows. They live in flocks ...

                                               

Euarchontoglires

Euarchontoglires is a taxonomic superorder, within Placentalia. It includes the rodents and the primates. Placentalia Eutheria Exafroplacentalia. Laurasiatheria. Euarchontoglires. Xenarthra. Boreoeutheria. Afrotheria.

                                               

Eublepharinae

The Eublepharinae are one of the five subfamilies of the Gekkonidae, or geckos. The Eublepharinae subfamily has 27 species in five genera. Also called eyelid geckos, the eublepharines have more simple features than other geckos. For example, they ...

                                               

Eumuroida

Eumuroida are a group of all muroid rodents, or the true muroids. It was made in 2004. The group is not in the standard taxonomic classification, but it is between superfamily and family. The Eumuroida is the clade including all organisms which e ...

                                               

Euphorbia

Euphorbia is genus of over 2000 plant species. It is one of the biggest genera in the plant kingdom. Common names include poinsettia, spurge, or just Euphorbia. Many of these plants have develped a defence against herbivory: They are poisonous wh ...

                                               

Eurasian Brown Bear

The Eurasian Brown Bear is a subspecies of the Brown Bear. It is found across northern Eurasia. It is the national animal of many countries including Finland.

                                               

European badger

The European badger is a species of badger. Its genus is Meles. It is native to almost all of Europe. It is classed as Least Concern for extinction by the IUCN because of its wide distribution and large population. The European badger is a social ...

                                               

European honey bee

The European honey bee or western honey bee is the main species of honey bee. The genus Apis is Latin for "bee", and mellifera comes from Greek melli- meaning "honey" and ferre "to bear". So, the scientific name means "honey-bearing bee". In 1758 ...

                                               

European perch

The European perch, also known as the common perch, redfin perch, big-scaled redfin, English perch, Eurasian perch, Eurasian river perch, Hatch or in Anglophone parts of Europe, simply the perch, is a type of fish. It belongs in genus Perch and l ...

                                               

European tree frog

The European tree frog, green tree frog, European green tree frog or common tree frog is a tree frog from Europe Scientists have seen it in Crete and Greece and in Europe west of the middles of Poland and Romania. The pupils of this frogs eyes go ...

                                               

Eurytides

Eurytides is a genus of butterflies. Eurytides is in the family Papilionidae. The species in this genus are native to North America, Central America, and South America.

                                               

Eutrochium maculatum

Spotted Joe-pye weed is a species of plant. It belongs in the family Asteraceae. It is found in North America. Its height ranges from 60 to 200 cm.

                                               

Exopterygota

The Exopterygota are a superorder of insects. They are in the subclass Pterygota in the infraclass Neoptera. In Exopterygotes the young resemble adults but have externally-developing wings. They undergo a modest change between immature and adult, ...

                                               

Exotic pet

A exotic pet is a rare or unusual animal which is kept as a pet. It is kept in human households but is relatively unusual or usually thought of as a wild animal rather than as a pet. "Exotic" often refers to a species which is not native indigeno ...

                                               

Eyelid

An eyelid is a thin piece of skin that covers and protects the eye. It is one of the thinnest areas of skin on a persons body. A muscle pulls back the eyelid to "open" the eye. People do this willingly or without thinking. The human eyelid has a ...

                                               

Fabaceae

Fabaceae is the systematic name of the plant family that is commonly known as the Pea family. It consists of three subgroups: Caesalpinioideae, Mimosoideae and Papilionoideae. In modern systems like APG II this family Fabaceae is closely related ...

                                               

Fabales

Fabales is an order of flowering plants. It is included in the rosid group of the eudicots in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II classification system. Under the Cronquist system and some other plant classification systems, the order Fabales conta ...

                                               

Falkland Islands wolf

The Falkland Islands wolf, also known as the warrah, Falkland Islands dog, Falkland Islands fox, or Antarctic wolf, is a species of wolf that used to live on the Falkland Islands. They were blamed for killing sheep, but it is not known if they di ...

                                               

False killer whale

The false killer whale is a cetaceans and larger members of the oceanic dolphin family. The species is the only member of the Pseudorca genus. They live in temperate and tropical waters throughout the world. As its name implies, the false killer ...

                                               

Fattail scorpion

Fattail scorpion is the main name given to scorpions from the genus Androctonus. Androctonus is one of the most dangerous groups of scorpion species in the world. They live in the semi-arid and arid regions of Africa and the Middle East. They are ...

                                               

Favism

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency is a hereditary disease. This means it is passed on through the genes from a parent to the child. It leads to a form of anaemia. There are some means to treat it, though the focus of the doctors now li ...

                                               

Feathertail glider

The feathertail glider, also known as the pygmy gliding possum, pygmy glider or flying mouse, is the worlds smallest gliding mammal. It is named after its long feather-shaped tail. Although only the size of a very small mouse, it can leap and gli ...

                                               

Feces

Feces, also called poo, poop, shit, dookie, stool, or number 2 is the bodys solid waste left over from eating food. Human feces leave the intestinal tract and are removed from the body through the anus. Feces are known for their unpleasant odor. ...

                                               

Female sexual arousal disorder

Female sexual arousal disorder is condition where a woman has a hard time getting aroused sexually. or to maintain this arousal, until after sexual intercourse. Persistent, recurrent problems with sexual response or desire - that distress you or ...

                                               

Fennec fox

The fennec fox is a small fox that lives in sandy deserts. It lives in the Sahara and the northern part of Saudi Arabia. Foxes belong in the family name Canidae. Canidae also includes dogs, wolves, and coyotes. This fox is agile. It has huge ears ...

                                               

Fibrinogen

Fibrinogen is the clotting element present in blood. When blood comes out of a wound in a vessel, the fibrinogen is activated and forms fibrin, which clots the blood. Although this is fibrinogens main job, it also forms bridges between platelets. ...

                                               

Fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia is a condition with chronic pain. The exact causes are not known. However, symptoms are not totally restricted to the pain. There are also sleep disturbances, joint stiffness and severe fatigue. The problem sometimes exists along wit ...

                                               

Ficus benghalensis

Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree that grows in India and Bangladesh. Some Indian banyan trees are among the largest trees in the world. It is recognized as the National trees of both the countries ...

                                               

Fiordland penguin

The Fiordland penguin is a crested penguin. They have white stripes on their belly and cheeks, and they have a black back. They have bright yellow eyebrows and when they get older they turn darker. They also have an orange beak, big feet and they ...

                                               

Fir

Firs are about 45-55 species of evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae. Fir trees can reach heights of 10–80 m tall and trunk diameters of 0.5–4 m when mature. The difference between firs and other members of the pine family is that their needle- ...

                                               

Flamingo

Flamingos are types of birds. They are noisy birds and they live in big groups called flocks. Flamingos are wading birds. This means they live by water, such as lakes. They are in the genus Phoenicopterus and family Phoenicopteridae. There are si ...

                                               

Flatulence

Flatulence is when intestinal gas leaves the anus. This often happens with a sound that can be embarrassing to some people, but in some cultures it is treated like humor. The word flatuence comes from the Latin word flatus, which means blowing or ...

                                               

Flea

The flea is an insect that lives on many kinds of animals and sometimes humans. Fleas are considered parasites, and they drink the blood of the animal they bite. Fleas can live outdoors in sand or tall grass, and they will jump to any passing ani ...

                                               

Flora and fauna of Pakistan

Vast Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops. Very little wildlife lives there and only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare live in these areas. Parts of Thal de ...

                                               

Forehead

The forehead of humans is the flat space of skin above the eyes, between the eyebrows and where your hair starts to grow. It exists to make room for the brain inside the skull. A doctor or nurse will often touch someones forehead to check whether ...

                                               

Fragaria

Fragaria is the Latin name used in science for the genus of about 20 species of strawberries, plants in the rose family that grow small sweet red fruit. The most well-known and most grown of these species is the strawberry Fragaria × ananassa. Th ...

                                               

Frangipani

Plumeria is a small genus of 7-8 species that grow in tropical and subtropical Americas. The genus consists of mainly deciduous shrubs and trees. P. rubra, that grows in Mexico, Central America, and Venezuela, produces flowers ranging from white, ...

                                               

Freshwater crab

Freshwater crabs are crabs that live in fresh water, mostly in the tropics and subtropics. About 1300 species of freshwater crab have been described. In total, there are about 6700 species of crab. It is thought that there are many undescribed sp ...

                                               

Freshwater crocodile

The freshwater crocodile, is a type of crocodile that only lives in the northern regions of Australia. Freshwater crocodiles do not attack humans. But, sometimes they will bite to protect themselves or can sometimes mistake humans for food.

                                               

Freycinets frog

Freycinets frog or Wallum rocketfrog or rocket frog is a frog from eastern Australia. It lives on the east coast of Australia and on Fraser Island. This frog can grow to 4.5 cm. Its skin is brown with irregular patterns on it. The tadpoles can li ...

                                               

Frill-necked lizard

The Frill-necked lizard has a large reptile, thin frill around its head, which it displays in order to frighten enemies. To appear even more impressive, it also opens its mouth wide and often rears up on its hind legs. When frightened, this lizar ...

                                               

Fringed tree frog

The fringed tree frog, Lonnbergs tree frog or green-eyed frog is a frog from New Guinea and Australia. Scientists saw it on the Huon Peninsula and parts of the Cape York Peninsula in Queensland. This frog lives in rainforests. It lives near strea ...

                                               

Frogs as pets

Frogs have become a popular exotic pet. They can be kept in basic conditions, compared to reptiles. They are not expensive and their food is easily purchased. Common pet frogs includes ranids, hylids, bufonids, leptodactylids, and dendrobatids. P ...

                                               

Fruitadens

Fruitadens is a genus of heterodontosaur dinosaur. The name means "Fruita tooth", in reference to Fruita, Colorado, where its fossils were first found. It is known from partial skulls and skeletons from at least four individuals from rocks of the ...

                                               

Fruitafossor

Fruitafossor was a termite-eating mammal of North America during the Upper Jurassic epoch. The description is based on a surprisingly complete skeleton of a chipmunk-sized animal. It was discovered in 2005, in Fruita, Colorado. The animal looked ...

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